Автор: ФРОЛОВ П.В., ФРОЛОВ В.И., СКОТНИКОВ В.Ф.
Код направления статьи: 77.00.00
Журнал: ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА ФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ
Входит в РИНЦ: да
Входит в Scopus: нет
Входит в Wos: нет
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The purpose of the present study was to optimize the training process with regards to starting stride of bobsleigh of elite athletes on the basis of the block organization of training load in the pre-season of the annual training cycle. The ascertaining experiment and the findings of long-term observations of the process of formation of sports skills in elite sport from the standpoint of evolutionism suggest the inconsistency of the single-cycle organization of the training process in the pre-season. Comprehensive parallel development and improvement of motor abilities in bobbers do not provoke qualitative changes in the structure of the neuromuscular apparatus due to rather limited adaptive reserves of athletes in response to a multi-purpose load, which leads to negative cross adaptation, a long-term "stagnation" of athletic performance and traumatism. The basic, deeper causes of the inconsistency are the denial (rejection) of dialectical logic of development of adaptation processes in the athlete’s body at the level of the neuromuscular apparatus, the long-irrelevant style of thinking (paradigm) on the conceptual interpretation of motor characteristics, which leads to a confusion of ideas and gives rise to a metaphysical action algorithm when programming and organizing a training process. A quantum leap in the neuromuscular apparatus is achieved only due to the selective increase in the expression of certain genes and the growth of the cellular structures that limit the necessary power of reduction of the neuromuscular apparatus. This can be achieved only in the case of the block organization of the training process.